A phonograph , in its later forms also called a gramophone as a trademark since , as a generic name in the UK since or since the s called a record player , is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound. The sound vibration waveforms are recorded as corresponding physical deviations of a spiral groove engraved, etched, incised, or impressed into the surface of a rotating cylinder or disc, called a “record”. To recreate the sound, the surface is similarly rotated while a playback stylus traces the groove and is therefore vibrated by it, very faintly reproducing the recorded sound. In early acoustic phonographs, the stylus vibrated a diaphragm which produced sound waves which were coupled to the open air through a flaring horn , or directly to the listener’s ears through stethoscope -type earphones. The phonograph was invented in by Thomas Edison. In the s, Emile Berliner initiated the transition from phonograph cylinders to flat discs with a spiral groove running from the periphery to near the center, coining the term gramophone for disc record players, which is predominantly used in many languages. Later improvements through the years included modifications to the turntable and its drive system, the stylus or needle, and the sound and equalization systems. The disc phonograph record was the dominant audio recording format throughout most of the 20th century.
The technology that made the modern music business possible came into existence in the New Jersey laboratory where Thomas Edison created the first device to both record sound and play it back. He was awarded U. Patent No. In an effort to facilitate the repeated transmission of a single telegraph message, Edison devised a method for capturing a passage of Morse code as a sequence of indentations on a spool of paper.
Reasoning that a similar feat could be accomplished for the telephone, Edison devised a system that transferred the vibrations of a diaphragm—i.
Edison Records was one of the earliest record labels which pioneered sound recording and Thomas A. Edison invented the phonograph, the first device for recording and Edison’s remaining wax masters and thousands of metal master molds, including unissued experimental recordings dating to several years before.
In Letters Patent No. Upon this cylinder there is a sheet of foil or similar material, and the same is indented by the action of a point moved by a diaphragm, and this foil forms a phonogram that can be usedto reproduce the original sounds when moved in contact with a point and diaphragm. My present invention relates to improvements upon the phonograph patented as aforesaid, and the features of such improvemeut are hereinafter specially pointed out.
In thedrawings, Figure 1 is an elevation of the phonograph. I is aside view of the diaphragm and the device for moving the same. In my present invention, as in my former patent, the motion of the rccording-sln’face may be derived from clockwork, hand, or other power. The nut l is upon a lever pivoted at 3 and kept in contact by a cam, 4.
When this lever and nut P are lowered the shaft X and cylinder A can b: slipped endwise.
It was written in French in an album belonging to Julius Block, who was an agent for the Edison phonograph recording device, and reads as follows:. The American inventor Thomas Alva Edison — , who embarked on his remarkable career when he was still a boy—publishing a weekly newspaper from the luggage van of a train at the age of fifteen—had by the end of his life some 2, patents to his name. Amongst them were some of the most important technological inventions of the modern age: an improved telegraph receiver , the carbon microphone —78 , the incandescent lamp —thanks to which he eventually succeeded, on 4 September , to turn a whole district of New York into the first electrically lit area in the world!
The specific invention by Edison, however, which Tchaikovsky did actually endorse, was the phonograph , whose underlying principle the American had discovered quite literally by accident in the summer of , when experimenting with a device that would record telegraph signals on a tinfoil and paper cylinder.
How to store sound mechanically; How Edison’s phonograph worked; How record players work; The parts of a turntable; Analog and digital.
Thomas Alva Edison demonstrates his phonograph and his use of carbon transmitters for the telephone at a meeting of the National Academy of Sciences held at the Smithsonian Building on April , Edison’s phonograph, which he had originally developed as a potential means of recording telephone conversations, had attracted widespread notice since being publicly announced in January. Invited by Smithsonian Secretary and National Academy president Joseph Henry to demonstrate his two inventions to the academy, Edison took advantage of his journey to Washington to exhibit the phonograph to members of Congress and to President Rutherford B.
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The days of scavenging in record stores and slowly, expensively building a music library are over. Every Mac ships with a copy of GarageBand, software powerful enough to let anyone record an album. Now the arguments begin. Some cultural critics say our new world has liberated music, creating listeners with broader taste than ever before. Others worry that finding music is too frictionless, and that without having to scrimp and save to buy an album, we care less about music: No pain, no gain.
Artists fight over digital music too. Many say it impoverishes them, as the relatively fat royalties of radio and CD give way to laughably tiny micropayments from streaming companies, where a band might get mere thousandths of a penny from their label when a fan streams its song. Other artists disagree, arguing that giving away your music for free online makes it easier to build a global fan base avid for actually giving you money.
Introduced in early , it proved to be a durable machine with good performance that sold well. As tastes and customer demands changed, the model types changed as well. They were made in great quantities and are often the first choice for entry-level cylinder machine collectors today. The Edison Company discontinued open horn phonographs including the Standard in late In talking with collectors of phonographs, I often find that the Edison Standard was their first cylinder player.
This is hardly a surprise in that Standards are plentiful and still relatively cheap.
following list contains the patents Edison received concerning phonographs and sound recording. It is arranged in chronological order by execution date.
There seems to be a problem serving the request at this time. Thomas Edison invented the first cylinder phonograph in called the Edison Cylinder Phonograph. He went on to create the Edison Phonograph Company, which produced and marketed different phonograph models to the general public. With their horns and cylinder records spinning on mandrels, Edison phonographs are collectors’ items.
The first phonograph design used a cylinder with tinfoil sheets wrapped around it to record and play back sound. The phonograph had a needle and diaphragm system for recording sounds and a different needle and diaphragm system to play back sounds. Eventually, the tinfoil sheets were replaced by different types of wax cylinders including those made out of beeswax and blue amberol. Covers and cabinets were also added as different phonograph models were introduced.
The early phonograph models, before household electricity became common, usually used springs to operate. The spring works by tightening it with a crank arm. As the spring loosens after tightening, the cylinder spins around and music is produced. Some phonograph models, like the Class M, used wet cell batteries to operate, and some later phonograph models used the household electrical current as the designs evolved. For those phonograph models with a crank arm, you want to insert it into an opening and place it on the motor.
Turn it slowly counterclockwise until the spring tightens.
The story of sound recording, and reproduction, began in , when the man of a thousand patents, Thomas Edison, invented the phonograph. In essence, his machine consisted of a sheet of tinfoil wrapped around a cylindrical drum which, when turned by a handle, both rotated and moved laterally. As it moved it passed under a touching metal stylus, attached to one side of a diaphragm. On the other side of the diaphragm was a small mouthpiece into which the operator spoke.
The sound-waves focussed onto the diaphragm caused it to vibrate, which in turn caused the stylus to vary the pressure on the tinfoil. As the drum rotated and moved across the stylus a groove was embossed in the tinfoil consisting of undulations approximating the pressure patterns of the sound-waves.
#OTD is date noted for Edison’s completion of model for first phonograph. View a catalog of Edison phonographs and records from
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Thomas Edison’s patent for a “phonographic” doll resulted in the production of about “talking” dolls between and Date Made. Made by Edison Phonograph Toy Manufacturing Company in New York, New York.
It’s common to place the first successful Edison’s attempt at reproducing the human voice in August 12, , with the famous and lost “Mary Had a Little Lamb” cylinder – though, this date is nowadays quite debated, and it’s believed that in fact it happened quite later that year, on December 12, Nevertheless, Thomas Edison filed a patent for the invention on December 24, issued on February 19, , and then founded the Edison Speaking Phonograph Company on January 24, The phonographs machines this company sold were intended for office dictation.
They worked by playing a groove embossed into a tinfoil cylinder. Note that “none of the few existing tinfoils recordings were successfully transfered to modern media” until In , Volta Laboratories created an improved phonograph, using wax instead of tinfoil and engraving, rather than embossing, the cylinders. They termed the new devices “graphophones”.